What causes penis skin to peel?

By: Medically reviewed by Dr. Ana M. García Redondo — Written by Jayne Leonard
Source: Medical News Today
Website: https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/325438

Peeling skin on the penis often occurs as a result of friction, chafing, or an allergic reaction, but other possible causes include infections and skin conditions.

Skin peeling may be the only symptom that a person experiences, or they may also have itching, burning, or redness.

Most cases of penis skin peeling are not serious and respond well to home remedies. However, in some cases, a person may need topical or oral medications to treat the underlying issue.

In this article, we discuss the leading causes of penis skin peeling and list possible treatments and home remedies.
Friction and chafing
Causes of penis skin peeling may include friction, chafing, allergic reactions, and eczema.

Irritation from repeated rubbing may cause peeling, flaking skin, along with pain and sensitivity.

Common causes of friction in the genital area include:

chafing from tight clothing or underwear
masturbation without lubrication
sex without lubrication

Using a lubricant during intercourse and masturbation can reduce friction and the likelihood of penis skin peeling. Choosing loose, cotton clothing to wear around the genital region will also reduce the occurrence of chafing.
An allergic reaction

Contact dermatitis is a skin reaction to an allergen or irritant. It can affect any area of the body, including the penis.torontocircumcision1

The symptoms of contact dermatitis include:

peeling or cracked skin
pain and irritation
itching
swelling
blistering
dryness
redness

Common causes of contact dermatitis on the penis include:

latex condoms, in the case of a latex allergy
ingredients in soaps and shower gels
laundry detergents

 

Circumcision Benefits More Than Risks, AAP

By: Written by Christian Nordqvist
Source: Medical News Today
Website: https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/249567

Male circumcision benefits are greater than the risks, says the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) after carrying out a comprehensive review of available scientific evidence. However, the Academy emphasizes that it does not consider the benefits are enough to advise parents to have their newborn male babies circumcised; this should be a parental decision based on their cultural, ethical and religious beliefs. The AAP added that circumcision should be covered by insurance.

This is a change in the AAPs stance of circumcision.

The AAPs policy statement and technical report is published in the September issue of Pediatrics. These statements represent an update on the policies of 1999 and 2005.18

Over the last 24 months, a growing number of studies and reports have been published which show evidence of the benefits of male circumcision. In July 2012, the Global Advocacy for HIV Prevention said that voluntary medical male circumcision is one of the most effective weapons today against the spread of HIV infection. It urges countries where HIV infection rates are high, such as many in Africa, to make sure males have access to professional circumcision procedures.

 

Many people wonder why circumcision is recommended to stop the spread of HIV infection if circumcision rates in Western Europe are much lower than in the USA, but American HIV infection rates are much higher, and circumcision rates in Africa are also very high, but HIV infection rates are the highest in the world.

Since 2005, the AAP says that recent scientific evidence shows compellingly what the benefits of circumcision are. The AAP’s Taskforce on Circumcision explained in Pediatrics that after reviewing recent studies, the health benefits of circumcision include a lower risk of acquiring or developing:

Syphilis

Genital herpes
HIV
Human papilloma vírus
Penile cancer
Urinary tract infection during the first 12 months of an infant’s life
Reduces the risk of cervical cancer in men’s sexual partners

A report published by the American Cancer Society demonstrated that males who are circumcised have a 15% lower risk of developing prostate cancer if the procedure is carried out before their first sexual intercourse.

Susan Blank, MD, FAAP, chair of the AAPs Taskforce on Circumcision that wrote the report, said:

“Ultimately, this is a decision that parents will have to make. Parents are entitled to medically accurate and non-biased information about circumcision, and they should weigh this medical information in the context of their own religious, ethical and cultural beliefs.”

Individual families may not find that the medical benefits, on their own, outweigh other considerations, the Task Force wrote. According to available medical data today, circumcision is safest when performed during the first twelve months of a baby’s life. The AAP advices parents who choose to have their male baby circumcised to make sure the procedure is carried out by trained health care professionals who use sterile techniques and proper pain management.

The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) says it endorses the new AAP recommendations regarding male circumcision.

Dr. Sabrina Craigo, on behalf of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, said:

“This information will be helpful for obstetricians who are often the medical providers who counsel parents about circumcision. We support the idea that parents choosing circumcision should have access to the procedure.”

When deciding on whether or not to have your baby boy circumcised, you should discuss the benefits and risks of the procedure thoroughly with the child’s doctor, the AAP advices. Parents should also discuss with the doctor who will carry out the procedure. Dr. Blank said it is a good idea to talk about this while the mother is still pregnant, so that the decision can be made slowly.

What is phimosis?

By: Medically reviewed by Daniel Murrell, MD — Written by Amanda Barrell
Source: Medical News Today
Website: https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/319993

Phimosis describes a condition in which the foreskin is too tight to be pulled back over the head or glans of the penis.

Most uncircumcised babies and toddlers will have phimosis, meaning the foreskin cannot be retracted. This is because the glans and the foreskin remain connected for the first few years of life.

In adults, there are a number of risk factors and causes of phimosis, though it only tends to be a problem if it causes symptoms.

In this article, we take a look at the causes of this condition, along with what can be used to treat it when symptoms occur.
Causes and risk factors
There are various potential causes for phimosis, including infections or skin conditions. A diagnosis may be made based on the patient’s medical history.16

Phimosis only affects uncircumcised males and is more common in boys than men.

Phimosis is normal in uncircumcised babies and toddlers, as the foreskin is still attached to the glans. It will start to detach naturally between 2 and 6 years of age, though it might happen later. It can happen at up to around 10 years old, in some boys.

The foreskin can be pulled back behind the glans in about 50 percent of 1-year-old boys, and almost 90 percent of 3-year-olds. Phimosis will occur in less than 1 percent of teenagers between 16 and 18.

It is most likely to occur in older boys with:

repeated urinary tract infections
foreskin infection
repeated rough handling of the foreskin
foreskin trauma

In adults, risk factors for phimosis include sexually transmitted infections.

Phimosis may be caused by a skin condition, such as:

Eczema: A long-term condition that causes the skin to become itchy, red, dry, and cracked.
Psoriasis: This skin condition leads to patches of skin becoming red, flaky, and crusty.
Lichen planus: An itchy rash that can affect different areas of the body. It is not contagious.
Lichen sclerosus: This condition causes scarring on the foreskin that can lead to phimosis. It may be caused by a urinary irritation.

Symptoms
A possible symptom of phimosis is an inability to urinate, or empty the bladder properly.

Phimosis does not always lead to symptoms. When it does, however, these may include redness, soreness, or swelling.

A tight foreskin may interfere with the normal passage of urine. In severe cases, this can prevent the person from emptying their bladder fully.

Phimosis can lead to inflammation of the penis, called balanitis, or inflammation of both the glans and the foreskin, called balanoposthitis. These conditions both tend to be caused by poor hygiene.

Symptoms of balanitis include:

soreness, itchiness, and odor
redness and swelling
a buildup of thick fluid
pain when urinating

Benefits and risks of circumcision

By: Medically reviewed by Alana Biggers, M.D., MPH on April 24, 2020 — Written by Tim Newman
Source: Medical News Today
Website: https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/302234

Circumcision is an operation to remove a male’s foreskin. It is one of the oldest and most common surgical procedures. A male may undergo this procedure for religious, social, medical, or cultural reasons.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) encourage male circumcision on the basis that it appears to reduce the risk of HIV infection during vaginal sex. However, not all health authorities agree, and the recommendations remain somewhat controversial.

Circumcision is fairly common in the United States. In fact, according to the CDC, 58.3% of U.S. newborns underwent circumcision in 2010.

It is less common in other Western countries, however. In the United Kingdom, for example, only around 8.5% of males are circumcised.

This article will discuss what to expect during the procedure itself, as well as some possible benefits and risks.
What is circumcision?
Circumcision may reduce the risk of phimosis, paraphimosis, and balanitis.

Circumcision involves the removal of the foreskin of the penis. The foreskin is the shroud of skin that, when gently pulled back, uncovers the head of the penis.

The surgery is relatively simple. A healthcare professional will free the foreskin from the head of the penis and, in newborns, clip it off in a procedure that only takes a few minutes. In adults, they will remove the foreskin with a scalpel, and it takes around 30 minutes.

17They will then either cauterize or stitch the wound with dissolvable sutures.
History

The first circumcisions may have taken place around 15,000 years ago. The procedure then slowly spread across a variety of cultures, especially in the Middle East.

It may have become popular in the ancient world as a public health measure and a way of preventing balanitis. Balanitis leads to swelling and pain in the head of the penis.

This condition might have been more common in ancient societies due to sand building up under the foreskin.

Circumcision became popular in the Western world in the late 19th century, when people began performing the operation in an attempt to prevent masturbation. Many believed that masturbation was associated with conditions such as epilepsy, paralysis, tuberculosis, and insanity.

However, there was little compelling evidence to support these claims. As the newly formed national healthcare systems started facing rising costs, they stopped recommending the procedure.

In the U.S., however, it has remained a relatively common practice, and some major health authorities do still encourage it.

Is it normal to have a veiny penis?

By: Medically reviewed by Dr. Ana M. García Redondo on August 14, 2019 — Written by Jamie Eske
Source: Medical News Today
Website: https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/326037#why-does-it-happen

In most cases, seeing veins beneath the skin of the penis is perfectly normal and does not require medical attention.

Several factors influence vein visibility, including:

genetics
age
frequency and intensity of physical activity
cardiovascular health
underlying medical conditions

In this article, we discuss why the veins in the penis might appear prominent and what this means.

We also review potential underlying medical conditions that contribute to penis vein visibility and when to see a doctor.15
Why does it happen?
The appereance of veins in the penis may vary with age.

There are several veins and arteries that carry blood to and from the spongy erectile tissue in the penis.

Veins may look larger than usual during and immediately following an erection. Although the appearance of prominent veins may cause alarm, they indicate healthy blood flow.

Genetics and age can influence skin thickness, which may make veins appear more prominent or bigger than usual.

Also, blood clots and other conditions that affect the cardiovascular system can trap blood in the veins, which may affect how these blood vessels look.

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